Hospital Energy Benchmarking

Our peer-reviewed paper is out and can be downloaded from here (click). The paper gives an energy benchmarking formula based on data collected from 84 government hospitals. A total of 31 different parameters were collected for each hospital. Using statistical analysis and multiple linear regression analysis, the number of significant parameters was narrowed down to just the following four parameters per gross floor area of the hospital:

  • Air-conditioned area

  • Number of operating theaters

  • Number of high-energy medical equipment

  • Lighting energy consumption

For ease of use, we developed an energy benchmarking calculator, which gives a 5-Star energy rating for the hospital, once the above four parameters are entered.


We would like to thank all parties for a great collaboration in achieving this landmark energy benchmarking study for the Malaysian government hospitals. To our knowledge, Malaysia is the first country outside of North America, to publish a paper following the Energy Star energy benchmarking methodology for hospitals.


In particular, we would like to thank the Malaysian Ministry of Health (MoH) and Edgenta Mediserve Sdn Bhd for valuable discussions and collaboration in the data collection, and Dr. Nofri Yenita Dahlan (UiTM) and Dr. Hassan Mohamed (UNITEN) for taking the lead in the statistical analysis and writing of the paper.


Download paper free of charge until 21 Dec 2021: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1e06o8MyS8~w34


Highlights from the paper and the teamwork, which started on 4 Sept 2019: